The Spirit of Canadian Democracy: Margaret Fairley and the Communist Cultural Worker's Responsibility to the People


  • David Kimmel



"Margaret Fairley, November 20, 1885 - February 14, 1968," Horizons (Spring 1968), 1-2

"Miss M.A. Keeling," in The Gateway, (October 1912). 48.

David Kimmel and Gregory S. Kealey, "With Our Own Hands: Margaret Fairley and the 'Real Makers' of Canada," in Labour/Le Travail (Spring 1993), forthcoming.

E. Cecil Smith, "The Future of Humanity," in New Frontier (September 1936). 26.

Fairley's review essay "Gabrielle Roy's Novels," in New Frontiers (Spring 1956). 7- 10.

Fairley's review of O Canada: An American's Notes on Canadian Culture, by Edmund Wilson, in Marxist Quarterly (Summer 1966). 90.

Joan Sangster, Dreams of Equality: Women on the Canadian Left, 1920-1950 (Toronto 1989), 8 and 88

John Greenlee's interview with Barker Fairley in 1979 (University of Toronto Archives, B87-00471001)

Lawrence S. Wittner, Rebels Against War: The American Peace Movement, 1941-1960 (New York 1969), 187-192.

M.A. Keeling, "Women Students in Oxford," in The Gateway [University of Alberta] (October 1912), 49-51.

M.A.F[airley]. "A Socialist Urges Unity," review of The People's Front by G.D.H. Cole, New Frontier (October 1937). 24

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Her Writing Notes (l)," typescript [speech?], "Our Cultural Heritage," [Fall 1955].

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Her Writing notes (4)," typescript "Heroic Canadian Writers," 1.

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Lecture Notes (Canadian Literature) (l)," typescript W.E.A.?] lecture, "The relation of culture to economic and social life - general," (Fall 1947)."

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Lecture Notes Can, Literature (2)," typescript [W.E.A.?] lecture "Canadian Travel," [Fall 1947?].

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Lecture Notes Can. Literature (2)," [W.E.A.?] lecture typescript, "The Relation of Culture to Economic and Social Life," (15 October 1947).

Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Lecture notes (Canadian Literature) (l)," [a student's (?) summary notes].

Margaret Atwood, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (Toronto 1972), 11-19. Earl G. Ingersoll, Margaret Atwood: Conversations (Willowdale, Ontario 1990). xii

Margaret Fairley in New Frontier (February 1937), 29.

Margaret Fairley to Grieve (24 June 1935), MacDiarmid Papers.

Margaret Fairley, "Create and Cherish Canadian Culture" (opening message to the Fifth Anniversary Program of the International Co-operative Cultural Group, Port Arthur, Ontario, (May 1954), in Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Her Writing Notes (4)."

Margaret Fairley, "Domestic Discontent," in Canadian Forum (November 1920), 45.

Margaret Fairley, "Nellie McClung," in New Frontiers (Summer 1956) 19-21

Margaret Fairley, "Our Cultural Heritage," in New Frontiers (Winter 1952), 1.

Margaret Fairley, "Roots of Canadian Patriotism in English-Speaking Canada Before Confederation," Marxist Quarterly (Winter 1963), 1-6, and "An Early Diary," in New Frontiers (Autumn 1954). 21-23.

Margaret Fairley, "Socialist Poet of Upper Canada," New Frontiers (Spring 1955), 34-38.

Margaret Fairley, "The Living Heritage in Eastern Europe," in New Frontiers (Winter 1954), 26

Margaret Fairley, "The Novels of Olive Schreiner," Dalhousie Review (July 1929), 179-180.

Margaret Fairley, "Thou Shalt Not Steal," New Frontiers (Fall 1955), 39.

Margaret Fairley, "Visiting Canadians Witness Cultural Revolution in China," in The Canadian Tribune (28 September 1959), 5, and "Cultural Revolution in China," typescript, Manuscript Collection, volume 1, file "Her Writing Notes (3)." cf. Karl Marx (The Germ Ideology): "The exclusive concentration of artistic talent in particular individuals is a consequence of the division of labor," etc.

Margaret Fairley, 'The Cultural Worker's Responsibility to the People" in Marxist Quarterly (Spring 1968), 4-6.

Margaret Fairley, a critique of "Communist Faith and Christian Faith," in Marxist Quarterly (Spring 1966). 29-30.

Margaret Fairley, ed., Selected Writings of William Lyon Mackenzie 1824-1837, (Toronto 1961), 11-13, 15, 16,67,68.

Margaret Fairley, ed., The Spirit of Canadian Democracy (Toronto 1946), 10-11.

Margaret Fairley, review of Behind the Spanish Barricades by John Langden-Davies, New Frontier (April 1937), 28

Margaret Fairley, review of Soviet Democracy by Pat Sloan, in New Frontier (July/August 1937), 30-31.

Mary Ellis Gibson, "Thinking About the Technique of Skiing When You're Halfway Down the Hill," in Ingersoll, 33.

Meredith Tax, "The Sound of One Hand Clapping: Women's Liberation and the Left," in Dissent (Fall 1988). 459

Merrily Weisbord, The Strangest Dream: Canadian Communists, the Spy Trials, and the Cold War (Toronto 1983). 229.

National Women's Committee, Communist Party of Canada, Canada's Women: At home, at work, children, equality, peace (Toronto 1963), 1-2.

Norman Penner, Canadian Left: A Critical Analysis, (Scarborough, Ontario 1977), 86-91. Ian Angus bitterly indicts the CPC's deviation from Bolshevism and class-struggle principles (for "an easier road") in the wake of the conservative 1930s in Canadian Bolshevik: The Early Years of Communist Party of Canada (Montreal 1981), 324.

Paul Duval's quasi-biography Barker Fairley (Toronto 1980).

Peter Stevens, "The Development of Canadian Poetry Between the Wars and Its Reflection of Social Awareness," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Saskatchewan 1968). 237-244.

Richard Taylor, 'The Marxist Left and the Peace Movement in Britain since 1945" in Richard Taylor and Nigel Young, eds., Campaigns for Peace: British Peace Movements in the Twentieth Century (Manchester 1987),162 188).

Roberts, "Women's Peace Activism in Canada," in Linda Kealey and Joan Sangster, eds., Beyond the Vote: Canadian Women and Politics (Toronto 1989). 276-308).

University of Alberta Archives, 68-9-219, letter of introduction from Henry W. Crees to H.M. Tory (12 February 1912)

William Beechingand and Phyllis Clarke, eds., Yours in the Struggle: Reminiscences of Tim Buck (Toronto 1977), 366-367.

Williams, Marxism and Literature (New York 1977).

[Margaret Fairley, ed.], Highways to Peace: A Challenge to Youth, [Toronto, 1961?], 16-17.

[Margaret Fairley], "Pauline Johnson," in New Frontiers (Summer 1954), 43-44.

[Margaret Fairley], "The Hucksters versus the CBC," New Frontiers, (Spring 1956), 1-4.

[Margaret Fairley], "The Toronto Symphony Orchestra Six," in New Frontiers (Fall 1952), i. In 1949, Fairley was removed and permanently excluded from the United States because of her membership in the LPP.

[Margaret Fairley], 'The Canada Council," New Frontiers, (Winter 1954), 2.

[Stanley Ryerson (as editor)], in Horizons, (Spring 1968), 1-2

[W.E.A.?] lecture, "The Relation of Culture ...," [15 October 1947] 2.

cf. the ideas of Karl Marx, "the first radical critic of cultural development," as discussed in Louis Dupre, Marx's Social Critique of Culture (New Haven, Connecticut 1983), 3-6, 13, 51-56, 258-259, 262-279.

letter from Barker Fairley to Grieve (4 March 1936) in the Hugh MacDiarmid Papers, Special Collections Department, Edinburgh University Library

letters from Barker Fairley to Christopher M. Grieve (8 February 1940, 4 September 1940, 25 February 1941), MacDiarmid Papers, Edinburgh.

letters from Barker Fairley to Grieve, MacDiarmid Papers (4 March 1936 and 8 October 1937).